Many nations face the challenge of ensuring that their children receive adequate nutrition. This is because malnutrition has a wide range of implications for the health of people. In addition, it has long-lasting impacts on countries, communities, and individuals.
Nutrition plays a crucial role in maintaining health and fitness throughout the life cycle. As our bodies grow and change, we need a variety of different nutrients to ensure that our body functions at its optimal level.
When evaluating the nutrient needs of a person, the first step is to determine how they work within the context of their life stage. These factors include the age and gender of the individual, their family’s cultural tradition, and their household work patterns.
During childhood, the recommended intake of macronutrients is much higher than the corresponding adult intake. Macronutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Protein is essential to the development of tissues and enzymes, and helps the body produce hormones and antibodies.
The best sources of protein include lean meats, eggs, and soy products. Avoid added sugars and processed foods. Instead, choose foods that contain antioxidants and healthy fats.
Adults should limit total fats to 20 to 35 percent of their total calories. Saturated and trans fats should also be restricted. Aim for an overall calorie balance and choose low-fat sources of milk and fruit. Limiting saturated and trans fats may help decrease the risk of coronary heart disease and other health problems.
Malnutrition in women can affect the lives of their children and their families. It can lead to increased rates of disease, overweight, and obesity. Moreover, it can place children at a higher risk of cognitive impairment, disease, and death.